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"Adzhabu" or "Dzahabtu"?

  Tags: Arabic | Grammar
 Language Learning Forum : Questions About Your Target Languages Post Reply
13 messages over 2 pages: 1 2  Next >>
Monox D. I-Fly
Senior Member
Indonesia
monoxdifly.iopc.us
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753 posts - 663 votes 
Speaks: Indonesian*

 
 Message 1 of 13
18 March 2015 at 6:50pm | IP Logged 
I asked my acquintance to give me one example of Arabic sentence, and she gave me this:
Quote:
Anaa adzhabu ilal madrosah.

Which means:
Quote:
I go to school.


My question is, why didn't she use "dzahabtu"? As far as I knew, it is the Arabic word for "go" if the subject is first person, or am I wrong?
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Zireael
Triglot
Senior Member
Poland
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Speaks: Polish*, EnglishB2, Spanish
Studies: German, Sign Language, Tok Pisin, Arabic (Yemeni), Old English

 
 Message 2 of 13
18 March 2015 at 7:06pm | IP Logged 
Adhabu - I go (present)
Dzahabtu - I went (past)
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Monox D. I-Fly
Senior Member
Indonesia
monoxdifly.iopc.us
Joined 3364 days ago

753 posts - 663 votes 
Speaks: Indonesian*

 
 Message 3 of 13
18 March 2015 at 11:41pm | IP Logged 
OK, let me guess:
I go to school = Anaa adzhabu ilal madrosah
I went to school = Anaa dzahabtu ilal madrosah
Am I right?
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Zireael
Triglot
Senior Member
Poland
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Speaks: Polish*, EnglishB2, Spanish
Studies: German, Sign Language, Tok Pisin, Arabic (Yemeni), Old English

 
 Message 4 of 13
19 March 2015 at 6:46pm | IP Logged 
Yup.
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Monox D. I-Fly
Senior Member
Indonesia
monoxdifly.iopc.us
Joined 3364 days ago

753 posts - 663 votes 
Speaks: Indonesian*

 
 Message 5 of 13
19 March 2015 at 11:05pm | IP Logged 
So, "Fa'ala Fa'alaa Fa'aluu Fa'alat Fa'alataa Fa'alna Fa'alta Fa'altumaa Fa'altum Fa'alti Fa'altumaa Fa'altunna Fa'altu Fa'alnaa" are all used for past forms? And what are their present forms?
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Zireael
Triglot
Senior Member
Poland
Joined 2880 days ago

518 posts - 636 votes 
Speaks: Polish*, EnglishB2, Spanish
Studies: German, Sign Language, Tok Pisin, Arabic (Yemeni), Old English

 
 Message 6 of 13
21 March 2015 at 9:16pm | IP Logged 
Monox D. I-Fly wrote:
So, "Fa'ala Fa'alaa Fa'aluu Fa'alat Fa'alataa Fa'alna Fa'alta Fa'altumaa Fa'altum Fa'alti Fa'altumaa Fa'altunna Fa'altu Fa'alnaa" are all used for past forms? And what are their present forms?


Yes, those are the past forms (starting with the 3rd person masculine, as is the custom in Arabic paradigm).
One more tip: the past forms rhyme in many cases ("antuma fa'altuma", "antum fa'altum" etc.) I think only the singular forms and 1st person plural "nahnu fa'alna" don't rhyme.

I've found the paradigm in Wikipedia invaluable for those cases when I can't recall the form. You'll be interested in the first two columns - future tense is just sa + the present tense.

The paradigm in the link goes 1st-2nd-3rd person, masculine-feminine, so in an order much more familiar to us Indoeuropeans.

Link
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Monox D. I-Fly
Senior Member
Indonesia
monoxdifly.iopc.us
Joined 3364 days ago

753 posts - 663 votes 
Speaks: Indonesian*

 
 Message 7 of 13
22 March 2015 at 6:10am | IP Logged 
Thanks. By the way I want to compliment her, saying that she is kind and beautiful. Which one is correct?

Anti khoirun wa jamiilunnisaa'.
Anti khoirun wa jamiilatunnisaa'.
Anti khoirotun wa jamiilunnisaa'.
Anti khoirotun wa jamiilatunnusaa'.
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Al-Malik
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Senior Member
United Kingdom
arabicgenie.com
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Speaks: English*, German*, Spanish, Arabic (Written), Dutch, French, Arabic (classical)
Studies: Mandarin, Persian

 
 Message 8 of 13
29 March 2015 at 10:02pm | IP Logged 
I'd go with: anti lateefa wa jameela

(or with all the endings: anti lateefatun wa jameela(tun))


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