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Declined nouns

  Tags: Multilingual | Grammar
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hster
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 Message 1 of 33
25 June 2013 at 6:27pm | IP Logged 
I'd like to get a list of all languages that have declined nouns.

So far I have come up with:

Ancient Greek
Latin
Lithuanian
Russian

Off the top of your head, do you know any others?

Thanks
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Fasulye
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 Message 2 of 33
25 June 2013 at 6:35pm | IP Logged 
Other languages with noun declinations (= cases):

- German (4 cases)
- Finnish (16 cases)
- Hungarian (20 cases)
- Turkish (6 cases)
- Polish (7 cases)

* Please correct me, if the numbers of cases are faulty.

Fasulye

Edited by Fasulye on 25 June 2013 at 6:36pm

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caam_imt
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 Message 3 of 33
25 June 2013 at 7:09pm | IP Logged 
For Finnish, the number of cases would be 15. Since the accusative sometimes looks like
the nominative or genitive, some people don't count it as a separate case. Perhaps the
figure of 16 comes from cases that appear outside the standard language? at least I
remember that the dialect of Savo has an extra case.

Other languages with cases would be Icelandic and Faroese and the other Slavic languages
(does Bulgarian count?).
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Josquin
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 Message 4 of 33
25 June 2013 at 8:31pm | IP Logged 
Don't forget Modern Greek, Albanian, Latvian, Estonian, and Romanian. Last but not least: the Goidelic languages (Irish and Scottish Gaelic).

EDIT: I think Arabic has declension, too. Right?
EDIT 2: I corrected my mistake with the Celtic languages.

Edited by Josquin on 26 June 2013 at 11:54am

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Cabaire
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 Message 5 of 33
25 June 2013 at 8:56pm | IP Logged 
Quote:
EDIT: I think Arabic has declension, too. Right?

Classical Arabic had this feature (3 cases), but the Modern Standard Arabic uses them sparingly and the dialects have got rid of them.
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Mooby
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 Message 6 of 33
25 June 2013 at 9:56pm | IP Logged 
- Western Armenian (6 cases)
- Eastern Armenian (7 cases)
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jeff_lindqvist
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 Message 7 of 33
25 June 2013 at 10:29pm | IP Logged 
While Swedish may have lost most of the case distinctions, it retains the genitive -s (and accusative/dative in some set phrases).
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Марк
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 Message 8 of 33
25 June 2013 at 11:08pm | IP Logged 
Josquin wrote:
Don't forget Modern Greek, Albanian, Latvian, Estonian, and Romanian.
Last but not least: the Celtic languages (Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Breton).

EDIT: I think Arabic has declension, too. Right?

Welsh and Breton don't have cases, I think.


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